(The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash


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  1. says: READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash

    (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash I've never read a book uite like this before a truly extraordinary personal history Garton Ash lived in East Germany in the early 1980s and after the Berlin Wall fell decided to investigate his secret police file While I was vaguely aware that the Stasi files were made available to their subjects this is the first book I’ve read to convey what that actually meant in practise Garton Ash compares his recollections with the surveillance reco

  2. says: (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History

    READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash A terrific read for anyone who likes history especially that of the Cold War and does not mind a different sort of narration of itIn this book Garton Ash examines the file that the Stasi built on him between 1978 and 1989 which he was able t

  3. says: (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash

    (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash Timothy Garton Ash's The File A Personal History is an exploration of the author's own file that was kept on him by the East German secret police the State Security Service the Stasi Mr Ash lived in East Berlin for a few years in the

  4. says: READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash

    (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash 35 I read some of Timothy Garton Ash’s analysis of postwar Germany many many years ago as an undergraduate and was intrigued recently to come across his now over twenty year old memoir Its focus is narrow as a young man in the late 70searly 80s he spent time doing research and writing in East Germany After the Berlin Wall came d

  5. says: (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History

    DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History That's right I tagged this as memoir and thriller It's an unlikely combination but then The File chronicles an unlikely moment in history Not the police state of former East Germany Police states are a dime a dozen Nope the unlikely bit is the moment in the mid 1990s when a newly re unified Germany allowed everyone to apply to see the file that the East German secret police the Stasi kept on them For all that the KGB were design

  6. says: (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History

    READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash Not that any of us wants to be watched by secret police but if you were wouldn't you want to read the file they kept?After Germany was reunified the files of the East German Stasi secret police were made available

  7. says: (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History

    (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash A dull account of tedious snitching during a pivotal time in history I expected

  8. says: (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash

    READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash After East Germany granted a few students from non communist countries entry to study in the late 1970s Tim Garton Ash fresh out of Oxford decided to study there Ostensibly he was studying Nazi history but in fact he was fascinated by the closed nature of East German society and its effect on the psyche and daily life After the Wende when the Stasi files were opened he decided to reuest his file track down eve

  9. says: (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash

    DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash Fantastic personal account of what it is like to read your Stasi file Beautifully written and a compelling mix of memoires and history which brought me to tears during then one passage I place a compact disc in the computer's CD drive and click the 'play' button on screen From a loudspeaker somewhere behind the text I have just ty

  10. says: (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash

    (The File A Personal History) [E–book] ✓ Timothy Garton Ash 35 stars A very interesting uick reading little book Timothy Garton Ash seems like he might be a little insufferable in real life but he's tolerable enough in 200 odd pages that it didn't get on my nerves enough to wreck the book And it's a fascinating little history Highly recommend if you're at all interested in the Stasi andor Cold War intelligencesurveillance

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READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History

Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History Over his He then set about to interview the people who made this gross intrusion possible the several case officers and the numerous regular citizen informers The result is nothing short of a journey into the darkest recesses of the totalitarian mind taking its place honorably alongside 1984 and Darkness at Noo. A dull account of tedious snitching during a pivotal time in history I expected

DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton AshThe File A Personal History

Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History When Timothy Garton Ash graduated from Oxford in 1978 he went to live in Berlin ostensibly to research and write about Nazism But once there he gradually immersed himself in a study of the repressive political culture of East Germany As if to return the favor that culture in the form of the dreaded East German. I ve never read a book uite like this before a truly extraordinary personal history Garton Ash lived in East Germany in the early 1980s and after the Berlin Wall fell decided to investigate his secret police file While I was vaguely aware that the Stasi files were made available to their subjects this is the first book I ve read to convey what that actually meant in practise Garton Ash compares his recollections with the surveillance records in his file and tracks down all those mentioned in it friends informants and secret police The result is a very powerful account of life in East Germany s surveillance state and the moral compromises made by its citizens Taking a personal ethnographic approach allows Garton Ash to convey the nuance complexity and depth of emotion involved This book was first published in 1997 and its conclusions are still important today As the 2008 afterword discusses surveillance is now automated by technology and its significance downplayed Every train I take tells me to report anything that doesn t look right without any indication of how I should make that judgement This has become part of the background noise of daily life without consideration of what that means The File forced me to think about these matters and honestly it wasn t very comfortable A friend and I were recently discussing how normal people can participate and be complicit in acts of horrifying evil likely prompted by the images of the concentration camps in America Garton Ash has a great deal of insight to offer here He was researching the Gestapo s files while the Stasi kept a file on himAmidst the ghosts of secret Germany I was searching for the answer to a personal uestion What is it that makes one person a resistance fighter and another the faithful servant of a dictatorship This man a Stauffenberg that a Speer Today after years of study and after knowing personally many resisters and many servants of dictatorships I am searching stillThere is no simple answer but the book comes up with much complex insights Garton Ash examines his fascination with the glamour of spying in light of the sordid reality of East Germany s informer armyIn 1988 the last normal year of the GDR the Ministry of State Security had than 170000 official collaborators The Ministry itself had over 90000 employees of whom less than 5000 were in the HVA foreign intelligence wing Setting the total figure against the adult population in the same year this means that about one out of every fifty adult East Germans had a direct connection to the secret police Allow just one dependent per person and you re up to one in twenty fiveThe Nazis had nothing like as manyGarton Ash discovered from his file that five informers had reported on him and tracked each down to ask them about it Their reactions are revealing and alarming The woman codenamed Michaela was thrown into confusionShe is buffeted by conflicting thoughts and emotions One moment she says Really it s good that you ve shown me this The next Ah well perhaps I can sue you and I ll win a lot of money No no sorry that was only a joke But perhaps there is some protection We repressed so much Why didn t I apply to see my file Because I didn t want to know what was in it and about my husband Who knows what else there is I think this was the only time I reported so extensively on private matters I thought it was dienstlich official but Well I hope if you do write you ll try to explain the subjective as well as the objective conditions How it was then But probably that s impossible Even I can t really remember now Garton Ash was left unsettled by all these meetings as well he might be It s very difficult to establish the direct harm caused by informers like Michaela as most of their material was petty seemingly harmless detail Yet in combination reports like hers were used to justify exile prison even death sentences In return the informers gained little privileges like freedom to travel Informers weren t necessarily volunteers however Another of those he traced only to find he d died was blackmailed by the Stasi into informing after being denounced for hitting on a male student A third a British communist married to a German woman and living in East Germany told Garton Ash he d been threatened by the Stasi into informing His self justifications are striking He thought of the Stasi as a channel of communication with the state In a small way he says he was trying to get a political message to the top The trouble with a communist state like East Germany was that it had no civil society framework He was making up for that lackSubseuently interactions with Garton Ash suggested he d abstracted his informing in order to elide his personal responsibility for it The ambivalence and rationalisations of the informers aren t entirely different to those of the Stasi officers Garton Ash also traced although the latter discussions are chilling After interviewing Kurt Zeisweis deputy head of the Stasi in BerlinWhen he has left Werner and I look at each other shake our heads and start uietly laughing Otherwise we would have to cry Here in that chair sat before us a perfect textbook example of a petty bureaucratic executor of evil A good family man Proud of his correctness loyalty hard work decency all those secondary virtues which have been identified as key to collaboration with Nazism and which the Prussian Association now hopes to revive He is incapable of acknowledging to this day the systemic wrong of which he was a loyal servant yet filled with remorse for having stolen a couple of Matchbox carsIt wasn t uite as simple as that for several of the junior Stasi officers but the same theme predominated And once the regime had fallenSo everyone I talk to has someone else to blame Those who worked for the state say it was not us it was the Party Those who worked for the Party say it was not us it was the Stasi Come to the Stasi and those who worked for foreign intelligence say it was not us it was the others Talk to them and they say it was not our department it was XX Talk to Herr Zeisweis from department XX and he says but it wasn t me When the communists seized power in central Europe they talked of using salami tactics to cut away the democratic opposition slice by slice Here after communism we have the salami tactics of denialI m uoting a great deal because I found Garton Ash s writing so compelling and powerful He points out that East Germany is in a uniue position with the horrors of two very different regimes to reckon with one of which is now passing out of living memoryOnly the new Germany has done it all Germany has had trials and purges and truth commissions and has systematically opened the secret police files to each and every individual who wants to know what was done to him or her or what he or she did to others This is uniue Apart from anything else what other post communist country would have the money to do it The Gauch Authority s budget for 1996 was DM234 million about 100 millionIt must be right that the Germans and not just the Germans should really understand how in the second half of the twentieth century there was again built on German soil a totalitarian police state less brutal than the Third Reich to be sure far less damaging to its neighbours and not genocidal but uietly pervasive in its domestic control How this state exploited the very same mental habits social disciplines and cultural appeals on which Nazism had drawnAlthough Garton Ash editorialises in the first person in places his approach reminded me of Svetlana Alexievich uoting people s reflections on what they did in the past which collectively prove both moving and revealing This kind of personal narrative history seems very fitting for the historical topic of personal surveillance I wonder what kind of memoirs will be written in the future on how electronic surveillance has damaged lives under repressive regimes The technology might have changed but I don t think the psychological impacts are so very differentBut I can understand each of the informers on my file and the officers too even Kratsch For when they tell their stories you can see so clearly how they came to do what they did in a different time a different place a different worldWhat you find here in the files is how deeply our conduct is influenced by our circumstances How large of all that human hearts can endure that part which laws or kings can cause or cure What you find is less malice than human weakness a vast anthology of human weakness And when you talk to those involved what you find is less deliberate dishonesty than our almost infinite capacity for self deceptionIf only I had met on this search a single clearly evil person But they were all just weak shaped by circumstance self deceiving human all too human Yet the sum of their actions was a great evilGarton Ash states firmly that only the victims of the Stasi have the right to forgive or not Rather than wondering what we might have done had we been born into totalitarian regimes of the past it seems better to consider what we re doing today We can judge the past with comfortable detachment but should not forget that the future will judge us too Goodnight Moon kept a file on himAmidst the ghosts of secret Germany I was searching for the answer to a personal uestion What is it that makes one person a resistance fighter and another the faithful servant of a dictatorship This man a Stauffenberg that a Speer Today after years of study and after A Hundred Summers knowing personally many resisters and many servants of dictatorships I am searching stillThere is no simple answer but the book comes up with much complex insights Garton Ash examines his fascination with the glamour of spying in light of the sordid reality of East Germany s informer armyIn 1988 the last normal year of the GDR the Ministry of State Security had than 170000 official collaborators The Ministry itself had over 90000 employees of whom less than 5000 were in the HVA foreign intelligence wing Setting the total figure against the adult population in the same year this means that about one out of every fifty adult East Germans had a direct connection to the secret police Allow just one dependent per person and you re up to one in twenty fiveThe Nazis had nothing like as manyGarton Ash discovered from his file that five informers had reported on him and tracked each down to ask them about it Their reactions are revealing and alarming The woman codenamed Michaela was thrown into confusionShe is buffeted by conflicting thoughts and emotions One moment she says Really it s good that you ve shown me this The next Ah well perhaps I can sue you and I ll win a lot of money No no sorry that was only a joke But perhaps there is some protection We repressed so much Why didn t I apply to see my file Because I didn t want to Cross Laminated Timber Design know what was in it and about my husband Who Her Guilty Secret knows what else there is I think this was the only time I reported so extensively on private matters I thought it was dienstlich official but Well I hope if you do write you ll try to explain the subjective as well as the objective conditions How it was then But probably that s impossible Even I can t really remember now Garton Ash was left unsettled by all these meetings as well he might be It s very difficult to establish the direct harm caused by informers like Michaela as most of their material was petty seemingly harmless detail Yet in combination reports like hers were used to justify exile prison even death sentences In return the informers gained little privileges like freedom to travel Informers weren t necessarily volunteers however Another of those he traced only to find he d died was blackmailed by the Stasi into informing after being denounced for hitting on a male student A third a British communist married to a German woman and living in East Germany told Garton Ash he d been threatened by the Stasi into informing His self justifications are striking He thought of the Stasi as a channel of communication with the state In a small way he says he was trying to get a political message to the top The trouble with a communist state like East Germany was that it had no civil society framework He was making up for that lackSubseuently interactions with Garton Ash suggested he d abstracted his informing in order to elide his personal responsibility for it The ambivalence and rationalisations of the informers aren t entirely different to those of the Stasi officers Garton Ash also traced although the latter discussions are chilling After interviewing Kurt Zeisweis deputy head of the Stasi in BerlinWhen he has left Werner and I look at each other shake our heads and start uietly laughing Otherwise we would have to cry Here in that chair sat before us a perfect textbook example of a petty bureaucratic executor of evil A good family man Proud of his correctness loyalty hard work decency all those secondary virtues which have been identified as High Risk Affair Silhouette Intimate Moments key to collaboration with Nazism and which the Prussian Association now hopes to revive He is incapable of acknowledging to this day the systemic wrong of which he was a loyal servant yet filled with remorse for having stolen a couple of Matchbox carsIt wasn t uite as simple as that for several of the junior Stasi officers but the same theme predominated And once the regime had fallenSo everyone I talk to has someone else to blame Those who worked for the state say it was not us it was the Party Those who worked for the Party say it was not us it was the Stasi Come to the Stasi and those who worked for foreign intelligence say it was not us it was the others Talk to them and they say it was not our department it was XX Talk to Herr Zeisweis from department XX and he says but it wasn t me When the communists seized power in central Europe they talked of using salami tactics to cut away the democratic opposition slice by slice Here after communism we have the salami tactics of denialI m uoting a great deal because I found Garton Ash s writing so compelling and powerful He points out that East Germany is in a uniue position with the horrors of two very different regimes to reckon with one of which is now passing out of living memoryOnly the new Germany has done it all Germany has had trials and purges and truth commissions and has systematically opened the secret police files to each and every individual who wants to Monophobia 1 know what was done to him or her or what he or she did to others This is uniue Apart from anything else what other post communist country would have the money to do it The Gauch Authority s budget for 1996 was DM234 million about 100 millionIt must be right that the Germans and not just the Germans should really understand how in the second half of the twentieth century there was again built on German soil a totalitarian police state less brutal than the Third Reich to be sure far less damaging to its neighbours and not genocidal but uietly pervasive in its domestic control How this state exploited the very same mental habits social disciplines and cultural appeals on which Nazism had drawnAlthough Garton Ash editorialises in the first person in places his approach reminded me of Svetlana Alexievich uoting people s reflections on what they did in the past which collectively prove both moving and revealing This The Passionate Lover kind of personal narrative history seems very fitting for the historical topic of personal surveillance I wonder what Nouns Verbs kind of memoirs will be written in the future on how electronic surveillance has damaged lives under repressive regimes The technology might have changed but I don t think the psychological impacts are so very differentBut I can understand each of the informers on my file and the officers too even Kratsch For when they tell their stories you can see so clearly how they came to do what they did in a different time a different place a different worldWhat you find here in the files is how deeply our conduct is influenced by our circumstances How large of all that human hearts can endure that part which laws or Thicker Than Water The Grayson Trilogy #3 kings can cause or cure What you find is less malice than human weakness a vast anthology of human weakness And when you talk to those involved what you find is less deliberate dishonesty than our almost infinite capacity for self deceptionIf only I had met on this search a single clearly evil person But they were all just weak shaped by circumstance self deceiving human all too human Yet the sum of their actions was a great evilGarton Ash states firmly that only the victims of the Stasi have the right to forgive or not Rather than wondering what we might have done had we been born into totalitarian regimes of the past it seems better to consider what we re doing today We can judge the past with comfortable detachment but should not forget that the future will judge us too

Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW

Timothy Garton Ash Á 1 REVIEW DOWNLOAD Ü BERNALAMOROCHO.CO Á Timothy Garton Ash READ & DOWNLOAD The File A Personal History Secret police the Stasi secretly began studying him As was Stasi's practice over the years its study produced a considerable paper trail After the fall of the East German communist regime a government apparatus was established to allow those targeted to see their Stasi files and Garton Ash discovered and pored. That s right I tagged this as memoir and thriller It s an unlikely combination but then The File chronicles an unlikely moment in history Not the police state of former East Germany Police states are a dime a dozen Nope the unlikely bit is the moment in the mid 1990s when a newly re unified Germany allowed everyone to apply to see the file that the East German secret police the Stasi kept on them For all that the KGB were designated by Hollywood as the Big Bad in today s television parlance the Stasi kept records kept thorough records and compromised a greater percentage of their country s population Family informed on family neighbors on neighbors husbands and wives on their wives and husbands Everyone got a code name Everyone got a handler Everyone got a file everyone who informed and everyone who was informed upon When I read this for the first time in early 2001 carrying out academic research in Prague The File already felt like an anachronism a peculiar book documenting a particular moment in history Then came 911 Then came the Patriot Act and the War on Terror and a mere 8 months later the book felt like a cautionary tale In The File Timothy Garton Ash documents how he retrieved his own file and methodically interviewed all of the people who had informed on him people he barely knew people he considered confidantes and friends He interviews members of the Stasi a branch of the military as far up the chain of command as he can go and gives them a voice even as he explores his own misgivings Historically speaking from the perspective of the US the Warsaw Pact were the Big Bad But for the Stasi themselves they were protecting their country They were doing what our CIA do ferreting out dangers to the country to the society to their heritage as they saw it He explores the inherent tension between freedom and law enforcement and individual freedom versus national self defense Inevitably the greatest damage done by the police state driven to protect itself is to society and to the relationships between citizens Garton Ash himself betrays the trust of a former girlfriend who did something he never understood On the verge of making love one night she threw back the curtains on the French doors of her apartment and turned the light on She is not listed in his file as an informant but the circumstances have always puzzled him When he asks her about the event she is deeply hurt that he could imagine she would have tried to set him up to be spied upon I don t remember opening the curtain she says but yes I turned on the light I wanted to see your face How Money Became Dangerous kept on them For all that the KGB were designated by Hollywood as the Big Bad in today s television parlance the Stasi Windburn kept records Light Traveling kept thorough records and compromised a greater percentage of their country s population Family informed on family neighbors on neighbors husbands and wives on their wives and husbands Everyone got a code name Everyone got a handler Everyone got a file everyone who informed and everyone who was informed upon When I read this for the first time in early 2001 carrying out academic research in Prague The File already felt like an anachronism a peculiar book documenting a particular moment in history Then came 911 Then came the Patriot Act and the War on Terror and a mere 8 months later the book felt like a cautionary tale In The File Timothy Garton Ash documents how he retrieved his own file and methodically interviewed all of the people who had informed on him people he barely Knights vs Dinosaurs knew people he considered confidantes and friends He interviews members of the Stasi a branch of the military as far up the chain of command as he can go and gives them a voice even as he explores his own misgivings Historically speaking from the perspective of the US the Warsaw Pact were the Big Bad But for the Stasi themselves they were protecting their country They were doing what our CIA do ferreting out dangers to the country to the society to their heritage as they saw it He explores the inherent tension between freedom and law enforcement and individual freedom versus national self defense Inevitably the greatest damage done by the police state driven to protect itself is to society and to the relationships between citizens Garton Ash himself betrays the trust of a former girlfriend who did something he never understood On the verge of making love one night she threw back the curtains on the French doors of her apartment and turned the light on She is not listed in his file as an informant but the circumstances have always puzzled him When he asks her about the event she is deeply hurt that he could imagine she would have tried to set him up to be spied upon I don t remember opening the curtain she says but yes I turned on the light I wanted to see your face

  • Paperback
  • 226
  • The File A Personal History
  • Timothy Garton Ash
  • English
  • 02 March 2020
  • 9780006388470